Occasionally, the formation of ammonium chloride salts causes problems in the upper sections of the main fractionator and pump-around circuits. These salts deposit as solids and can cause plugging of side draws and increased pressure drop across the top of the column. Highly hygroscopic and, therefore, very corrosive ammonium chloride salts can cause aggressive under-deposit corrosion. Let Nalco Champion help you address salt formation to maximise the safety and profitability of your operations.
Ecolab, 2 Daniel Place, PO Box 10061, Te Rapa, Hamilton, New Zealand 3241
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Solving Tower Salt Fouling
Deposition of inorganic salts in FCC main fractionator columns is a common cause of operating problems and lost profits. Salt deposits are composed primarily of ammonium chloride and tend to form and deposit in the mid-to-upper sections of the tower and side-stream pump-around exchangers. If not removed, these salts will accumulate and prevent optimal tower operation. These deposits can affect the operation of the entire FCC unit, introducing problems that include:
Plugged trays and product draws
Increased corrosion of fractionator trays and pump-around exchangers
Loss of fractionation between heavy naphtha and LCO
Loss of compressor capacity
Air blower constraints
Loss of duty in pump-around exchangers
Nalco Champion has developed an effective method of solving tower salt fouling problems. We use proprietary chemistries to clean process surfaces of salts that have deposited and apply the technology to prevent further deposition, in-situ with the process remaining online. In dozens of FCC main fractionators, our salt fouling control method has been used to remove ammonium chloride deposits and prevent the buildup of salts on tower trays and pump-around exchangers.